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The Prince Book Summary

(Dover Thrift Editions)

by Niccolò Machiavelli

The Prince

(Dover Thrift Editions)

Niccolò Machiavelli


The Prince is a 16th-century political treatise by Italian diplomat and writer Niccolò Machiavelli. The book examines the acquisition and maintenance of political power, offering a pragmatic and often ruthless analysis of leadership. Machiavelli argues that a ruler’s primary concern should be the stability and security of the state, even if it requires employing immoral or unethical means. He explores various strategies for achieving this goal, including the use of force, deception, and manipulation. The Prince has been both praised and criticized for its controversial ideas, but it remains a significant work in political philosophy and a timeless study of power dynamics.

Table of contents

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Author & Writing Background

Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was a Florentine diplomat, writer, and political philosopher. He served in various government positions during the turbulent period of the Italian Renaissance. His experiences and observations of political intrigue and power struggles heavily influenced his writings, particularly The Prince. Machiavelli’s work is characterized by its realism, pragmatism, and focus on the practical realities of politics rather than abstract ideals. His other notable works include The Discourses on Livy and The Art of War.

Key Takeaways

The Acquisition and Maintenance of Power

Machiavelli argues that the primary goal of a prince is to acquire and maintain power, even if it requires using immoral or unethical means. He emphasizes the importance of strength, cunning, and decisiveness in achieving this goal.

The Nature of Human Beings

Machiavelli holds a pessimistic view of human nature, believing that people are inherently self-interested, deceitful, and easily swayed by fear and greed. He suggests that a prince must be aware of these characteristics and act accordingly.

The Role of Fortune

While Machiavelli acknowledges the influence of fortune (or luck) in political affairs, he emphasizes the importance of human action and preparedness in mitigating its effects. He believes that a wise prince can anticipate and adapt to changing circumstances.

The Use of Force and Deception

Machiavelli argues that a prince should not hesitate to use force and deception when necessary to maintain order and security. He suggests that it is better to be feared than loved, as fear is a more reliable means of control.

The Importance of Military Strength

Machiavelli emphasizes the importance of a strong military for any state that wishes to maintain its independence and security. He believes that a prince should be well-versed in military affairs and should actively cultivate the loyalty of his troops.

The Relationship between the Prince and the People

Machiavelli suggests that a prince should strive to maintain the support of the people, but he also recognizes that their favor can be fickle. He recommends that a prince avoid oppressing the people and should appear to be virtuous and generous.

The Dangers of Flattery and Dependence on Others

Machiavelli warns against flatterers and advisors who may mislead the prince for their own gain. He also advises against relying too heavily on mercenaries or auxiliary troops, as their loyalty is questionable.

The Qualities of a Successful Prince

Machiavelli outlines several qualities that he believes are essential for a successful prince, including intelligence, courage, decisiveness, and a willingness to adapt to changing circumstances.

FAQ about The Prince

The Prince Quotes

  • ”Everyone sees what you appear to be, few experience what you really are."
  • "It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot have both."
  • "There is no other way to guard yourself against flattery than by making men understand that telling you the truth will not offend you.”