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The Gospel According to Matthew Book Summary

by Unknown (traditionally attributed to the Apostle Matthew)

The Gospel According to Matthew

Unknown (traditionally attributed to the Apostle Matthew)


The Gospel of Matthew presents the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, portraying him as the long-awaited Messiah and King of the Jews. It emphasizes Jesus’ fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies, his authority as a teacher, and his compassion for the marginalized. The book recounts key events such as the Sermon on the Mount, the parables, the miracles, the crucifixion, and the resurrection, ultimately establishing Jesus as the Son of God and the foundation of the Christian faith.

Table of contents

Open Table of contents

Author & Writing Background

The authorship of the Gospel of Matthew is traditionally attributed to the Apostle Matthew, one of Jesus’ twelve disciples. However, the actual author remains unknown. The book was likely written in the late first century AD for a Jewish-Christian audience, explaining how Jesus fulfilled the prophecies and hopes of the Jewish scriptures.

Key Takeaways

Genealogy and Birth of Jesus

Matthew begins by tracing Jesus’ lineage back to Abraham, emphasizing his connection to the Jewish people and his fulfillment of messianic prophecies. The narrative then recounts the miraculous events surrounding Jesus’ birth, including the visit of the Magi and the escape to Egypt.

Ministry of Jesus

The book details Jesus’ public ministry, including his baptism by John the Baptist, his temptation in the wilderness, and his teachings on various topics such as the Kingdom of God, righteousness, and love. It also highlights his numerous miracles, demonstrating his power and compassion.

Sermon on the Mount

One of the central sections of the Gospel, the Sermon on the Mount presents Jesus’ ethical teachings and his vision for a new way of living based on love, humility, and justice. It includes well-known passages such as the Beatitudes, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Golden Rule.

Parables of Jesus

Matthew includes numerous parables told by Jesus to illustrate spiritual truths and the nature of the Kingdom of God. These parables often use everyday situations and imagery to convey profound messages about faith, forgiveness, and the importance of seeking God’s will.

Kingdom of Heaven

The concept of the Kingdom of Heaven is a recurring theme throughout the Gospel. Jesus teaches that the Kingdom is not an earthly realm but a spiritual reality that is present among his followers and will be fully realized in the future.

Discipleship and Following Jesus

Matthew emphasizes the importance of discipleship and following Jesus’ teachings. He portrays the disciples as flawed individuals who learn and grow in their faith through their interactions with Jesus.

Passion, Death, and Resurrection

The book culminates in the events of Jesus’ passion, including his betrayal, arrest, trial, crucifixion, and death. However, the story does not end there, as Matthew also recounts the resurrection of Jesus, affirming his victory over death and his identity as the Son of God.

Great Commission

In the final chapter, the resurrected Jesus appears to his disciples and gives them the Great Commission, instructing them to go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them and teaching them to obey everything he has commanded.

FAQ about The Gospel According to Matthew

What is the main message of the Gospel of Matthew?

The main message of the Gospel of Matthew is that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies, the Messiah and King of the Jews, and the Son of God who came to save humanity from sin and death.

Who was the intended audience of the Gospel of Matthew?

The Gospel of Matthew was likely written for a Jewish-Christian audience familiar with the Jewish scriptures and traditions. It aims to demonstrate how Jesus fulfilled the hopes and expectations of the Jewish people.

How does the Gospel of Matthew differ from the other Gospels?

Each Gospel presents a unique perspective on the life and teachings of Jesus. Matthew emphasizes Jesus’ fulfillment of prophecy and his connection to Judaism, while other Gospels may focus on different aspects such as his miracles or his parables.

The Gospel According to Matthew Quotes

  • ”Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” - Matthew 5:3
  • ”Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” - Matthew 7:7
  • ”Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” - Matthew 28:19-20